ï»? 高职需要“一专多能型”教å¸?郑州城市职业学院-评估办公å®?/title> <meta content="" name="keywords"> <meta content="" name="description"> <link href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/Template/pinggu/images/jigou.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"> <link href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/Template/pinggu/images/jigou280.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp" /> </head> <body> <div style="position:fixed;left:-9000px;top:-9000px;"></div> <div class="banner"></div> <div class="navs"> <div class="snavs_in"> <div class="snavs_b"> <ul> <li class="li"><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com">学院首页</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/"><span>本站首页</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pjdt/"><span>评徏动æ€?/span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pzxgg/"><span>最新公å‘?/span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pzcwj/"><span>政策文äšg</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pjzs/"><span>评徏知识</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pjjb/"><span>评徏½Ž€æŠ?/span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/tszs/"><span>他山之石</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pwjxz/"><span>文äšg下蝲</span></a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> <div class="list_pos">当前位置åQ?a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/">首页</a> > 高职研究 > 正文内容</div> <div class="cnt950 page_wrap"> <div class="side"> <div class="hd"><h3>评估办公å®?/h3></div> <div class="bd"> <ul class=""> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pjdt/"><span>评徏动æ€?/span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pzxgg/"><span>最新公å‘?/span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pzcwj/"><span>政策文äšg</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pjzs/"><span>评徏知识</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pjjb/"><span>评徏½Ž€æŠ?/span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pgzyj/"><span>高职研究</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/tszs/"><span>他仙之石</span></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ccgtop40.com/pgw/pwjxz/"><span>文äšg下蝲</span></a></li> </ul> </div> </div> <div class="main"> <div class="hd"><h3>高职研究</h3></div> <div class="bd"> <div class="page-m"> <div class="r_page_content"> <!--文章标题--> <h1>高职需要“一专多能型”教å¸?/h1> <div class="info">发布旉™—´åQ?017òq?5æœ?8日 点击敎ͼš<span id="hits"> <script language="JavaScript" type="text/JavaScript" src="/Common/GetHits.aspx?id=1846"></script> </span></div> <!--正文内容--> <div class="content" id="artiContent"> <div class="c_content_overflow" id="fontzoom"> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">˜q‘年来,关于大学学术与教å­?/font>“两张çš?rdquo;的争议颇多。不但普通本¿U‘高校(ž®¤å…¶æ˜¯åæ ¡ï¼‰èŽ«è¡·ä¸€æ˜¯ï¼Œä»¥åŸ¹å…ÀLŠ€èƒ½äh才äؓå·×ƒ“Q的高职院校亦复如此。作为高职院校,培养高质量的技能äh才既要有适当的理论教è‚ÔŒ¼Œæ›´è¦æœ‰æ ¡ä¼ä¸€ä½“化的专业实è·üc€‚此外,教师˜q˜è¦é€šè¿‡é«˜æ°´òq³çš„应用型研½I¶å’Œä¸€å®šçš„发明创造等创新性活动,不断提高自èín的学术能力,òq¶å¼•å¯¼å­¦ç”Ÿä»Ž“知其ç„?rdquo;å?ldquo;知其所以然”转变ã€?/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">事实上,在高职院校内部,学术研究与教学也明显存在强弱分野、æ‰m渭分明的现象。学术当阳称ž®Šï¼Œæˆäؓ教师名利双收的直接蝲体,教学则逐步边缘化ã€?/font></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">ž®†ä¸¤è€…对立è“v来本íw«å°±é™·å…¥è®¤è¯†è¯¯åŒºåQŒè€Œå—å®Ïxœ€æ·Þp€…则是广大莘莘学子。学术研½I¶ä¸Žæ•™å­¦æœ¬æ¥ž®±æ˜¯ä¸€ä½“两面,既不应该也不可能针尖寚wº¦èŠ’。要æƒÏxé«˜æ•™è‚²æ•™å­¦è´¨é‡ï¼Œä»ÖM½•æ•™å¸ˆéƒ½å¿…™å»è¿›è¡ŒåŞ式多æ ïLš„学术研究。美国著名教育学家博耶认为,学术可分为四¾c»ï¼šå‘现的学术、综合的学术、应用的学术、教学的学术。每个大学教师都需要结合自å·Þqš„教学˜q›è¡Œå­¦æœ¯ç ”究。当ç„Óž¼Œä¸åŒ¾cÕdž‹çš„学校应有所偏重åQŒç”šè‡?/font>“有所为,有所不äؓ”。高职院校应该将“教学的学æœ?rdquo;ä¸?ldquo;应用的学æœ?rdquo;有机¾l“合åQŒåƈž®†ä¸¤è€…融ä¸ÞZ¸€ä½“,巧妙地渗透于技能äh才培å…ȝš„各个环节åQŒç›´æŽ¥æˆ–间接让学生受益ã€?/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">一‹¹çš„高职院校、一‹¹çš„职业教育专业必须首先有一‹¹çš„教学åQŒä¸€‹¹æ•™å­¦çš„本èínž®Þp•´è—ç€æ·±åŽšçš„学术思想和娴熟的专业技能。舍此,不过是äh云亦云,既不çŸ?/font>“是什ä¹?rdquo;åQŒæ›´ä¸çŸ¥“ä¸ÞZ»€ä¹?rdquo;。如æ­?ldquo;以其昏昏”åQŒä½•ä»?ldquo;使äh昭昭”åQŸè¿™æ ïLš„教师永远不可能成为高水åã^的职业教育专å®Óž¼Œæœ€å¤šæ˜¯æ­¢æ­¥äº?ldquo;舌è€?rdquo;的教书匠åQŒå…¶åŒºåˆ«åªåœ¨äºŽæ•™é¾„长短而已。他们容易成为知识的“传声½{?rdquo;å’?ldquo;摄媄å¸?rdquo;åQŒè€Œéžç‚¹ç‡ƒå­¦ç”Ÿæ€æƒ³ç«èŠ±ã€åˆ›æ–°æ¿€æƒ…çš„“太阳”ã€?/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">在高½{‰èŒä¸šæ•™è‚²ä¸­åQ?/font>“教学的学æœ?rdquo;ä¸?ldquo;应用的学æœ?rdquo;有着天然的内在联¾p»ï¼ŒåŽè€…着重进行科技成果转化åQŒåŒæ—Óž¼Œ“应用的学æœ?rdquo;˜q˜æ˜¯ä¸€¿Ué‡è¦çš„åQŒæ›´å…äh˜¾½Cºåº¦çš„学术åŞ态。一旦水òq³ä½Žä¸‹ï¼Œé‚£ä¹ˆåQŒå†å¥½çš„理论都无法变成高质量的äñ”品,亦无助于提高技能äh才的培养质量ã€?/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">因此åQŒä“Q何高职院校的教师要想˜qˆä¸Šå“越、成为学生景仰的名师åQŒéœ€è¦é«˜åº¦é‡è§?/font>“教学的学æœ?rdquo;å’?ldquo;应用的学æœ?rdquo;之间的有æœø™”¾p»ï¼Œäº†è§£æœ¬è¯¾½E‹ä½“¾pÀL‰€æ¶‰ä¸»è¦å†…容的发展轨迹和科学前沿,òq¶æŽŒæ¡å­¦ç”Ÿå­¦ä¹ åŠ¨æ€ã€å¿ƒç†çŠ¶å†µï¼Œé‡‡ç”¨æœ€ä¼˜ã€æœ€é€‚合的教学方法,提高教学质量。特别是对于ž®‘数个性较强、特炚w²œæ˜Žçš„学生åQŒæ›´è¦å› ææ–½æ•™ã€æ‰¬å…¶æ‰€é•Ñ€‚须知,随着立体传媒的媄响日益广泛和æ·Þp¿œåQ?ldquo;¿U€æ‰ä¸å‡ºé—¨åQŒç†ŸçŸ¥å¤©ä¸‹äº‹”åQŒå­¦ç”ŸèŽ·å¾—一般知识的途径­‘Šæ¥­‘Šå¤šåQŒçŸ¥è¯†å‚¨å¤‡æ—¥ç›ŠåŽšå®žï¼Œä¼ ç»Ÿæ•™è‚²ä¸­çš„“一桶水”理论å’?ldquo;君子动口不动æ‰?rdquo;的教学方式已¾lè¿œ˜qœä¸èƒ½æ»¡­‘³é«˜èŒé™¢æ ¡å­¦ç”Ÿçš„渴求。在˜q™ç§“新常æ€?rdquo;下,教师只有更多付出、更加深入地开展探索式、研½I¶åž‹æ•™å­¦åQŒæ‰èƒ½å¥‰çŒ®é«˜è´¨é‡çš„教学ã€?ldquo;名师出高å¾?rdquo;åQŒå­¦å…»è‚÷乏、教学手ŒDµå•ä¸€ã€æ–¹æ³•åƒµåŒ–的教师要想赢得学生的尊重和钦佩难乎光™š¾åQŒä»–们又如何有能力培养高水åã^的技能äh才?</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">所以,按照博耶的学术分类åQŒé«˜èŒé™¢æ ¡æ—¢è¦ç¡®ä¿?/font>“教学的学æœ?rdquo;作äؓ全部工作的中心,也需要高度重è§?ldquo;应用的学æœ?rdquo;åQŒé«˜æ°´åã^教师应成为将二者无¾~å¯¹æŽ¥ã€æœ‰æœø™žåˆï¼Œé›†ç†è®ºæŽ¢ç´¢ä¸Žä¸“业实践于一íw«çš„“一专多能型”人才ã€?/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; 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